Srpen 2016

Women for women 2.

25. srpna 2016 v 13:55 | Mgr. Vendula Rulcová

Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is an American lawyer and politician who served as a U.S. senator (2001-09) and secretary of state (2009-13) in the administration of the president Barack Obama. She also served as first lady (1993-2001) during the administration of her husband, Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States. As the Democratic Party's nominee for president in 2016, she could become the most important woman in the world.
As for women´s discrimination, in 2014, she launched the Collaborative for Harnessing Ambition and Resources for Girls Education (CHARGE) alongside Julia Gillard, Board Chair of the Global Partnership for Education.The 5-year initiative committing $600 million to enable 14 million girls around the world to go to school. Also, as Secretary of State, Mrs. Clinton established the State Department's Office of Global Women's Issues, whose mandate included increasing out-of-school girls' access to primary education. "We know when girls have equal opportunities to primary and secondary school, cycles of poverty are broken, economies grow, glass ceilings are cracked and potential unleashed," she said at the launch of Girls CHARGE.

Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama is a lawyer, writer, and the wife of the 44th and current President of the United States, Barack Obama. She is the first African-American First Lady of the United States.
Through her four main initiatives, she has become a role model for women and an advocate for healthy families, service members and their families, higher education, and international adolescent girls education.
In 2015, she joined her husband to launch Let Girls Learn, a U.S. government-wide initiative to help girls around the world go to school and stay in school. As part of this effort, Mrs. Obama is calling on countries across the globe to help educate and empower young women, and she is sharing the stories and struggles of these young women with young people here at home to inspire them to commit to their own education. "Girls are our change-makers -- our future doctors and teachers and entrepreneurs," the First Lady said at the White House launch. "They're our dreamers and our visionaries who could change the world as we know it."

Sheikha Mozah bint Nasser Al Missn is the second of the three wives of Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, former Emir of the State of Qatar. Sheikha Mozah has been chairperson of the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development since 1995, chairperson of Silatech since 2008, chairperson of the Arab Democracy Foundation, and president of the Supreme Council for Family Affairs since 1998.
She has been vice-president of the Supreme Education Council since 2002 and was UNESCO's Special Envoy for Basic and Higher Education in 2003. Currently, she serves as a member of the Board of Overseers for Weill Cornell Medical College. Besides this, she is chair of Sidra Medical and Research Center in Doha and the organisation "Your Link".
Unlike many other monarchical wives in the Middle East, Sheikha Mozah has been a high-profile figure in her nation's politics and society, actively involved in Qatar's government. She was a driving force behind Education City and Al Jazeera Children's Channel.
Her Highness Sheikha Moza has become a strong supporter in the world of education in developing countries, especially for girls. The head of the Qatar Foundation, she is the founder of Educate a Child, which seeks to accelerate the identification, enrollment and completion of primary education for at least 10 million out-of-school children, working through a diverse set of partners ranging from major international educational, development, and humanitarian organizations to locally-based groups. "Girls need to be educated in the same way that boys need to be educated," she told the BBC in 2014.

Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria is a Chilean Socialist Party politician who has served as the President of Chile since 11 March 2014. She previously served as President from 2006 to 2010, becoming the first woman in her country to do so.
After leaving the presidency, she was appointed the first executive director of the newly created United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women). In her role as Executive Director of UN Women, she championed the Fund for Gender Equality, which provides grants to support innovative programs by government agencies and civil society groups to promote equal gender access to quality education. "We focus on girls' education," she said, "because it sets them on a path to greater economic opportunities and participation in their societies.
In December 2013, Bachelet was reelected becoming the first person since 1932 to win the presidency of Chile twice in competitive elections.

Angélique Kpasseloko Hinto Hounsinou Kandjo Manta Zogbin Kidjo, known as Angélique Kidjo (born July 14, 1960), is a Beninese-born American Grammy Award winning singer-songwriter and activist.
The BBC has included Kidjo in its list of the African continent's 50 most iconic figures. The Guardian has listed her as one of its Top 100 Most Inspiring Women in the World and Forbes Afrique put Angelique on the cover of their "100 most influential women" issue in 2015.
Kidjo was born in Benin. She grew up listening to Beninese traditional music, and others as James Brown, Jimi Hendrix, Stevie Wonder and Santana.
By the time she was six, she was performing with her mother's theatre troupe, giving her an early appreciation for traditional music and dance. She started singing in her school band,
later she recorded the album Pretty. The success of the album allowed her to tour all over West Africa. Continuing political conflicts in Benin prevented her from being an independent artist in her own country and led her to relocate to Paris in 1983. She now resides in New York City, where she is an occasional contributor to the New York Times.
During her life Angelique became a UNICEF International Goodwill Ambassador and she is also the founder of the Batonga Foundation, which focuses on empowering young women and girls in Africa through secondary school and higher education. Batonga works to improve school infrastructure, increase enrollment, grant scholarships, provide in-kind support and micro loans for scholars' families, cultivate mentoring and tutoring programs, and advocate for community awareness of the value of education for girls. "The problem we are having today," she told Al-Jazeera, "is that girls in some countries, in some traditions, are still seen as commodity. Therefore, they can be kidnapped. They can be married. The only thing that I know as an African person that can transform my continent is girls' education."

Julia Eileen Gillard (born 29 September 1961) is a former Australian politician who served as the 27thPrime Minister of Australia from 2010 to 2013, as leader of the Australian Labor Party. She previously served as the 13thDeputy Prime Minister of Australia, and held the cabinet positions of Minister for Education, Minister for Employment and Workplace Relations and Minister for Social Inclusion from 2007 to 2010. She was the first and to date only woman to hold the positions of deputy prime minister, prime minister and leader of a major party in Australia. In February 2014, Gillard was appointed chairwoman of the Global Partnership for Education, an international organisation focused on getting all children into school for a quality education in the world's poorest countries
"The education of girls has to be at the center of any nation's effort to transition from poverty to prosperity," she wrote. "…Educating the world's poorest girls can only be done with the firm commitment of many stakeholders - both domestic and international - to plan, fund and build strong, sustainable and equitable education systems."

Ann Lesley Cotton (born 1950) is a Welshentrepreneur and philanthropist who was awarded an Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2006 Queen's New Year Honours List. The honour was in recognition of her services to education of young women in rural Africa. Ann Cotton is Founder and President of Camfed, an international non-profit organisation tackling poverty and inequality in sub-Saharan Africa by supporting girls to go to school and succeed, and empowering young women to step up as leaders of change.
Camfed's goal is to replace the existing cycle of poverty and inequality with a new cycle of empowerment and opportunity. The organisation's unique approach is to not only support girls and young women through school, but also on to new lives as entrepreneurs and community leaders. Many graduating students train and mentor new generations of students. More than 3.5 million children have already benefited from Camfed's programmes in a network of 5,270 partner schools across Zimbabwe, Zambia, Ghana, Tanzania and Malawi. In 2014, Camfed was recognised by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development for best practice in taking development innovation to scale.

Women for women

25. srpna 2016 v 13:54 | Mgr. Vendula Rulcová
Across the globe there are about 31 million girls of primary school age who don´t go to school. And if the current trend goes on, it ´s estimated that it will not be until 2086 when all girls will be completing primary education.
Our task in the project about gender discrimination in education was to write an article about women who are interested in education and help other women to improve their lives. When browsing the Internet and searching for information we found a website with a list of the most influential women in the world who use their voices and influence to make progress in girls´education globally.
Let us introduce a few of them although we are sure that there are millions of women in the world who are helping make change happen.

Zainab Salbi is an Iraqi-American humanitarian, entrepreneur, author, and media commentator who has dedicated herself to women's rights and freedom. At the age of 23, she founded Women for Women International-a grassroots humanitarian and development organization dedicated to serving women survivors of war.
Since 1993, Women for Women International has supported women survivors of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Rwanda, Kosovo, Nigeria, Colombia, Afghanistan, Iraq, Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan. Under Salbi's leadership, the organization reached more than 400,000 women in eight conflict areas, distributed more than $100 million in direct aid and loans, trained thousands of women in rights awareness, and helped thousands more to start their own small businesses.
Salbi is also the author of three books: the national bestseller "Between Two Worlds: Escape from Tyranny: Growing Up in the Shadow of Saddam", "The Other Side of War: Women's Stories of Survival and Hope"; and "If You Knew Me, You Would Care." Her books received support from iconic women writers such as Alice Walker and from several celebrities including Angelina Jolie, Meryl Streep, and Annie Lennox.

Malala was born on 12 July 1997 in Pakistan. Her father, Ziauddin Yousafzai named her after Malalai, a Pashtun heroine.
Her father has always loved learning and that´s why he ran a school close to family's home. He was known as an advocate for education in Pakistan, which has the second highest number of out of school children in the world, and became an outspoken opponent of Taliban efforts to restrict education and stop girls from going to school.
Malala shared her father's passion for learning and loved going to school. In 2009 she began writing a blog for the BBC Urdu service under a pseudonym, about fears that her school would be attacked and the increasing military activity in her hometown. Malala and her father received death threats but continued to speak out for the right to education. In 2011, she received Pakistan's first National Youth Peace Prize and was nominated by Archbishop Desmond Tutu for the International Children's Peace Prize. In response to her rising popularity and national recognition, Taliban leaders voted to kill her. She was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman in 2012, when she was travelling home from school. Hopefully she survived.
She was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize in 2013. In 2014, she was nominated again and won, becoming the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
For her 18th birthday on July 12, 2015, also called Malala Day, the young activist continued to take action on global education by opening a school for Syrian refugee girls in Lebanon. Its expenses covered by the Malala Fund, the school was designed to admit nearly 200 girls from the ages of 14 to 18. "Today on my first day as an adult, on behalf of the world's children, I demand of leaders we must invest in books instead.

Erna Solberg (born 24 February 1961) is a Norwegianpolitician who has been Prime Minister of Norway since October 2013 and Leader of the Conservative Party since May 2004.
After winning the September 2013 election, she became the second female Prime Minister of Norway, Solberg's Cabinet, often referred to informally as the "Blue-Blue Cabinet", is a two-party minority government consisting of the Conservative Party and Progress Party.
In 2014, Prime Minister Solberg led Norway's funding of a new UN initiative to promote greater access to and quality of education for girls in Malawi. This program includes school meals, health services, measures combating gender-based violence, sexuality and human rights education, and further professional training for teachers. "If you invest in a girl," Prime Minister Solberg co-wrote in a 2014 Op-Ed, "she feeds herself, educates future children, lifts up her community and propels her nation forward - charting a path that offers dignity for all in the process." Prime Minister Solberg recently announced a doubling of Norway's support to the Global Partnership for Education, which works to ensure that more girls enroll in school and receive a good quality education.